Laboratoire LG2A

Laboratoire de Glycochimie, des Antimicrobiens
et des Agroressources UMR 7378 CNRS

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Actualités et Publications

La chimie en Région Hauts-de-France : Chimie, biologie et santé,

Stéphane Lebrun, V. A., Philippe Amouyel, Christophe Biot, Véronique Bonnet, Benoit Deprez, Pierre André Gilormini, Cédric Lion, Oleg Melnyk, Patricia Melnyk et Jérôme Vicogne

Actualité Chimique 2017, 46-51.

Cet article présente un tour d’horizon de quelques-unes des thématiques de recherche développées en région Hauts-de-France dans les domaines de la chimie, de la biologie et de la santé.

La chimie en Région Hauts-de-France : Chimie de la biomasse,

Philippe Zinck, J.-M. A., Rémi Beaulieu, Fanny Bonnet, Thierry Delaunay, Franck Dumeignil, Cédric Epoune Lingome, Audrey Favrelle, Régis Gauvin, Frédéric Hapiot, Nicolas Jacquel, José Kovensky, Raphaël Lebeuf, Christophe Len, Éric Monflier, Véronique Nardello-Rataj, Jesus F. Ontiveros, Sébastien Paul, René Saint-Loup, Mathieu Sauthier, Isabelle Suisse, Marc Visseaux, Anne Wadouachi et Patrice Woisel

Actualité Chimique 2017, 40-45.

Cet article présente un tour d’horizon de quelques-unes des thématiques de recherche développées en région Hauts-de-France dans les domaines de la chimie de la biomasse.

Decreasing redox voltage of terephthalate-based electrode material for Li-ion battery using substituent effect,

Lakraychi, A. E.; Dolhem, F.; Djedaïni-Pilard, F.; Thiam, A.; Frayret, C.; Becuwe, M.

J. Power Sources 2017, 359, 198-204.

The preparation and assessment versus lithium of a functionalized terephthalate-based as a potential new negative electrode material for Li-ion battery is presented. Inspired from molecular modelling, a decrease in redox potential is achieved through the symmetrical adjunction of electron-donating fragments (–CH3) on the aromatic ring. While the electrochemical activity of this organic material was maximized when used as nanocomposite and without any binder, the potential is furthermore lowered by 110 mV upon functionalization, consistently with predicted value gained from DFT calculations.

Oligogalacturonic Acid Inhibits Vascular Calcification by Two Mechanisms,

Hodroge, A.; Trécherel, E.; Cornu, M.; Darwiche, W.; Mansour, A.; Ait-Mohand, K.; Verissimo, T.; Gomila, C.; Schembri, C.; Da Nascimento, S.; Elboutachfaiti, R.; Boullier, A.; Lorne, E.; Courtois, J.; Petit, E.; Toumieux, S.; Kovensky, J.; Sonnet, P.; Massy, Z. A.; Kamel, S.; Rossi, C.; Ausseil, J.

Inhibition of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Osteogenic Conversion and Interaction With Collagen 2017.

Objective—Cardiovascular diseases constitute the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Calcification of the vessel wall is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients having many diseases, including diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, and chronic kidney disease. Vascular calcification is actively regulated by inductive and inhibitory mechanisms (including vascular smooth muscle cell adaptation) and results from an active osteogenic process. During the calcification process, extracellular vesicles (also known as matrix vesicles) released by vascular smooth muscle cells interact with type I collagen and then act as nucleating foci for calcium crystallization. Our primary objective was to identify new, natural molecules that inhibit the vascular calcification process.Approach and Results—We have found that oligogalacturonic acids (obtained by the acid hydrolysis of polygalacturonic acid) reduce in vitro inorganic phosphate–induced calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells by 80% and inorganic phosphate–induced calcification of isolated rat aortic rings by 50%. A specific oligogalacturonic acid with a degree of polymerization of 8 was found to inhibit the expression of osteogenic markers and, thus, prevent the conversion of vascular smooth muscle cells into osteoblast-like cells. We also evidenced in biochemical and immunofluorescence assays a direct interaction between matrix vesicles and COL1 via the GFOGER sequence thought to be involved in interactions with several pairs of integrins.Conclusions—Degree of polymerization of 8 inhibits vascular calcification development mainly by inhibition of osteogenic marker expression but also partly by masking the GFOGER sequence—thereby, preventing matrix vesicles from binding to COL1.

Kinetics of the incorporation of the main phenolic compounds into the lignan macromolecule during flaxseed development,

Ramsay, A.; Fliniaux, O.; Quéro, A.; Molinié, R.; Demailly, H.; Hano, C.; Paetz, C.; Roscher, A.; Grand, E.; Kovensky, J.; Schneider, B.; Mesnard, F.

Food Chem. 2017, 217, 1-8.

The main flax lignan, secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, is stored in a macromolecule containing other ester-bound phenolic compounds. In this study, NMR and HPLC-UV analyses were performed on flaxseeds harvested at different developmental stages to identify and quantify the main phenolic compounds produced during seed development. Extraction was carried out with or without alkaline hydrolysis to determine if these molecules accumulate in the lignan macromolecule and/or in a free form. Monolignol glucosides accumulate in a free form up to 9.85 mg/g dry matter at the early developmental stages. Hydroxycinnamic acid glucosides and flavonoid accumulate (up to 3.18 and 4.07 mg/g dry matter, respectively) in the later developmental stages and are ester-bound in the lignan macromolecule. Secosiolariciresinol diglucoside accumulates (up to 28.65 mg/g dry matter) in the later developmental stages in both forms, mainly ester-bound in the lignan macromolecule and slightly in a free form.

Anti-mycotoxin Effect and Antifungal Properties of Essential Oil from Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Dur. on Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus ochraceus,

Khaldi, A.; Meddah, B.; Moussaoui, A.; Sonnet, P.

Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 2017, 20, 36-44.

AbstractThe essential oil of Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Dur. seeds growing wild in SouthWest of Algeria were obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC and GC-MS. Other parameters such as density, refractive index, optical rotation, freezing point, solubility in ethanol, acid value and ester index are also measured. The antifungal properties of the essential oil were conducted using biomass technique on liquid medium, mycotoxigenic test, mycelial growth, determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), sporulation and germination spores?. The essential oil was found to be active against Aspergillus flavus MTTC 2799 (Microbial Type Culture Collection and Gene Bank) and Aspergillus ochraceus CECT 2092 (Spanish Type Culture Collection). The GC and GC-MS data showed a total of 19 compounds were identified in the hydrodistilled oil. The oil was dominated by oxygenated monoteprenes represented by perilla aldehyde (81.62%).

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