Laboratoire de Glycochimie
et des Agroressources d'Amiens UR 7378

LG2A UR 7378

Nos tutelles

  • Tutelle UPJV

Nos Fédérations

  • Tutelle ICP


Actualités et Publications

Tenure Track position (Professor level) at LG2A

The contract offered in the context of this notice is intended to enable the person recruited to acquire a qualification related to the functions of the university professors' position. It is established by the University of Picardie Jules Verne within which the person concerned is to be granted tenure.
The contract will be concluded for a minimum period of 3 years before tenure in the corps of University professors according to the terms described below. The contract includes a three-month trial period, renewable once for a maximum of the same duration.
The person recruited will benefit from financial means (recruitment of a doctoral student, operating costs, etc.) in order to assist him/her in this chair.

Laboratory strategy

Glycochemistry is a domain of organic chemistry involving specific synthetic and characterization methodologies. Based on complex and plural retrosynthetic schemes, glycochemistry and its numerous applications in glycobiology remain emergent compared to Proteomic and Genomic approaches. Our laboratory possesses the following skills: oligosaccharide synthesis, sulfur or nitrogen containing analogues synthesis, selective modification of mono-, oligo- and polysaccharides from biomass, modification of cyclodextrins, and the study of sugar-protein interactions and supramolecular selfassembly. The laboratory is also integrated in national and international networks related to glycosciences (GFG, EPNOE, etc…)

Summary of the Scientific Project

The scientific project will be based on the synthesis of new glycosidic analogues for chemobiology applications in a general way (i.e. sugar-protein interactions) and the development of corresponding analytical tools and methodology. The project must be based on biosourced platform molecules obtained by respecting the concepts of green/sustainable chemistry. Biological tests and interaction studies at the molecular level will be performed at LG2A or through external collaborations.

Summary of Teaching Project

The selected applicant will be in charge of organic chemistry courses in the Licence (Bachelor) in Chemistry and in the Master in Chemistry, specialized in « Chimie Durable-Organique » (Sustainable Organic Chemistry) and in « Analyse, Contrôle-Qualité » (Analysis, Quality Control) at the Université de Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV). He/she will participate in the different courses of organic synthesis, supramolecular chemistry, characterization techniques as NMR, chromatography and/or mass spectrometry. He/she will take part in the creation of new teaching modules in different levels (Bachelor, Master, PhD) related to the MAIA project (artificial intelligence) on synthetic and supramolecular chemistry aspects. He/she will be involved in the responsibility of a year and/or a specialization.

Soutenance HDR Gwladys POURCEAU

"Valorisation des molécules issues de la biomasse saccharidique par des procédés (photo)catalytiques"

Vendredi 9 juin 2023

Revisiting organosolv strategies for sustainable extraction of valuable lignin: the CoffeeCat process,

Vuillemin, M. E.; Quesada-Salas, M. C.; Hadad, C.; Jasniewski, J.; Husson, E.; Sarazin, C.

RSC Sustainability 2023.

An innovative and sustainable strategy for the selective extraction of lignin from lignocellulosic biomass has been designed, namely the CoffeeCat process, in which only green solvents and reagents are required: (i) water, (ii) 2-methyltetrahydrofuran-3-one (coffee furanone) recognized as a food grade ingredient and readily biodegradable and (iii) glutamic acid. Two fractions have been isolated from Miscanthus x giganteus, the delignified fraction (DL-glu) and the enriched-lignin fraction (L-glu). Competitive extraction yields of 27% and 43% of enriched-lignin fractions were respectively obtained at 140 °C (L-glu-140) and 180 °C (L-glu-180), based on the lignin content of the original biomass. The structural properties of these lignins were characterized by spectroscopic (FTIR and NMR), microscopic (SEM) and separative (SEC-MALLS) methods. Compared to other processes described in the literature, our strategy involved the isolation of lignin fractions with high purity (up to 84%). Both fractions have been valorized: (i) the DL-glu fractions have been subjected to ionic liquid pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis leading to a total depolymerization of the constitutive cellulose (99%) and to an efficient conversion of hemicellulose into xylose (70%); (ii) the L-glu fractions have been used to produce lignin nanoparticles (LNPs) in a mixture of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran-3-one/water (1/110 v/v). The size distribution (272 ± 9 nm and 472 ± 6 nm), charge (−29.2 ± 0.8 mV and −20.8 ± 0.4 mV) and regular spherical shape of these LNPs have been determined using Zetasizer-DLS measurements and SEM images of L-glu-140 and L-glu-180, respectively. In addition, the possibility of easy incorporation of the L-glu fraction into polylactic acid without requiring previous lignin modification has been preliminarily explored. The CoffeeCat process was thus demonstrated as a relevant eco-solution for an integrated lignocellulosic biorefinery.

Effect of dicationic ionic Liquid: Trimethylene bis-methylimidazolium bromide ([M(CH2)3IM2+][2Br-]) on the structural, optical and morphological properties of ZnO nanoparticles,

Moumene, T.; Kadari, M.; Belarbi, E.-h.; Boudali, N.; Said Benyahia, M.; Nguyen Van Nhien, A.; Dupont, L.; Bresson, S.

J. Mol. Liq. 2023, 382, 122007.

In this work, we make a comparative study between ZnO nanoparticles samples (NPs) synthesized by the conventional method (ZnO-S) and samples elaborated in an ionic liquid (IL) media (ZnO-IL) to see the effect of the latter on the structural, optical and morphological properties of these NPs. The results of this study are obtained using the following characterization methods: X-ray diffraction for the study of the structural properties of the different ZnO NPs samples, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine the nature of the different bonds present in our samples, UV–Visible spectrometry to determine the gap energy of zinc oxide. The results of Transmission Electron Microscopy have also been reported to show the effect of ionic liquid on the morphology of ZnO NPs. The XRD allowed us to see the effect of ionic liquid on the size of the crystallites manifested by a noticeable decrease. The curves of the UV–Vis show that the value of the gap energy is not the same for the two samples of ZnO-S and ZnO-IL, which implies that the latter has been influenced by the change in the reaction media. Transmission electron microscopy shows that the ionic liquid influences the size of the nanoparticles, there are two populations of nanoparticles, the first between (50 and 100 nm) as for ZnO-S NPs and a second in the order of 20 nm, which implies that the presence of the ionic liquid reduced the size of the NPs. We conclude that ionic liquid can be very useful to control the size of ZnO NPs and the appearance of novel properties.

Fragmentation of DMPC Membranes by a Wedge-Shaped Amphiphilic Cyclodextrin into Bicellar-like Aggregates,

Roux, M.; Legrand, F. X.; Bil, A.; Bonnet, V.; Djedaini-Pilard, F.

J. Phys. Chem. B 2023.

Small bilayer lipid aggregates such as bicelles provide useful isotropic or anisotropic membrane mimetics for structural studies of biological membranes. We have shown previously by deuterium NMR that a wedge-shaped amphiphilic derivative of trimethyl betacyclodextrin anchored in deuterated DMPC-d27 bilayers through a lauryl acyl chain (TrimbetaMLC) is able to induce magnetic orientation and fragmentation of the multilamellar membranes. The fragmentation process fully detailed in the present paper is observed with 20% cyclodextrin derivative below 37 degrees C, where pure TrimbetaMLC self-assembles in water into large giant micellar structures. After deconvolution of a broad composite (2)H NMR isotropic component, we propose a model where the DMPC membranes are progressively disrupted by TrimbetaMLC into small and large micellar aggregates depending whether they are extracted from the outer or inner layers of the liposomes. Below the fluid-to-gel transition of pure DMPC-d27 membranes (T(c) = 21.5 degrees C), the micellar aggregates vanish progressively until complete extinction at 13 degrees C, with a probable release of pure TrimbetaMLC micelles leaving lipid bilayers in the gel phase doped with only a small amount of the cyclodextrin derivative. Bilayer fragmentation between T(c) and 13 degrees C was also observed with 10% and 5% of TrimbetaMLC, with NMR spectra suggesting possible interactions of micellar aggregates with fluid-like lipids of the P(beta') ripple phase. No membrane orientation and fragmentation was detected with unsaturated POPC membranes, which are able to accommodate the insertion of TrimbetaMLC without important perturbation. The data are discussed in relation to the formation of possible DMPC bicellar aggregates such as those known to occur after insertion of dihexanoylphosphatidylcholine (DHPC). These bicelles are in particular associated with similar deuterium NMR spectra exhibiting identical composite isotropic components which were never characterized before.

Theoretical and experimental studies of chitin nanocrystals treated with ionic liquid or deep eutectic solvent to afford nanochitosan sheets,

Ferreira Funes, C.; Bouvier, B.; Cézard, C.; Fuentealba, C.; Jamali, A.; Courty, M.; Hadad, C.; Nguyen Van Nhien, A.

J. Mol. Liq. 2023, 375, 121350.

Chitin nanocrystals have gained growing interest due to their many excellent properties, however the higher crystallinity of these nano-rod-shaped particles is a major hindering factor in preparation of nanochitosans with low degree of acetylation (DA). Here we studied the effect of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (IL) and deep eutectic solvent (choline chloride:lactic acid) (DES) pretreatments of chitin nanocrystals (NCChits) before the deacetylation step using both experimental and theoretical approaches. The results showed that the ionic liquid pretreatment was able to partially disrupt the crystalline structure leading to a lower DA (18.2 %) after two cycles of deacetylation reaction. DES pretreatment, however, was unable to disturb the intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds, resulting in a DA of 73.6 % similar to that of unpretreated chitin nanocrystals (73.2 %). SEM images of chitin nanocrystals pretreated with ionic liquid showed that the crystals can rearrange into sheets. Molecular simulations reveal the detailed mechanism of chitin nanocrystal dissociation, in which the combination of a net molecular charge and hydrogen-bonding groups on a single scaffold (as is the case for [C2mim] and [OAc]) plays a paramount role. These results can open the way to afford controlled nanochitosan sheets from chitin nanocrystals.

Mass Spectrometry, Ion Mobility Separation and Molecular Modelling: A Powerful Combination for the Structural Characterisation of Substituted Cyclodextrins Mixtures,

Rigaud, S.; Dosso, A.; Lesur, D.; Cailleu, D.; Mathiron, D.; Pilard, S.; Cezard, C.; Djedaini-Pilard, F.

Int J Mol Sci 2022, 23, 13352.

When working on the synthesis of substituted cyclodextrins (CDs), the main challenge remains the analysis of the reaction media content. Our objective in this study was to fully characterise a complex isomers mixture of Lipidyl-betaCDs (LipbetaCD) obtained with a degree of substitution 1 (DS = 1) from a one-step synthesis pathway. The benefit of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and ion mobility separation hyphenated with mass spectrometry (IM-MS) was investigated. The MS/MS fragment ion's relative intensities were analysed by principal component analysis (PCA) to discriminate isomers. The arrival time distribution (ATD) of each isomer was recorded using a travelling wave ion mobility (TWIM) cell allowing the determination of their respective experimental collision cross section (CCSexp). The comparison with the predicted theoretical CCS (CCSth) obtained from theoretical calculations propose a regioisomer assignment according to the betaCD hydroxyl position (2, 3, or 6) involved in the reaction. These results were validated by extensive NMR structural analyses of pure isomers combined with molecular dynamics simulations. This innovative approach seems to be a promising tool to elucidate complex isomer mixtures such as substituted cyclodextrin derivatives.

Copper-uptake mediated by an ecofriendly zwitterionic ionic liquid: A new challenge for a cleaner bioeconomy,

Vuillemin, M. E.; Waterlot, C.; Verdin, A.; Laclef, S.; Cézard, C.; Lesur, D.; Sarazin, C.; Courcot, D.; Hadad, C.; Husson, E.; Van Nhien, A. N.

Journal of Environmental Sciences 2022.

This study aims to investigate the ability of an imidazolium biobased Zwitterionic Ionic Liquids (ZILs) in enhancing the phytoavailability of copper from garden (G) and vineyard (V) soils using the model plant ryegrass. Uncontaminated and artificially contaminated CuSO4 soils, unamended and ZIL-amended soil modalities were designed. The copper/ZIL molar ratio (1/4) introduced was rationally established based on molecular modeling and on the maximal copper concentration in artificially contaminated soil. Higher accumulation of copper in the shoots was detected for the uncontaminated and copper contaminated ZIL amended V soils (18.9 and 23.3 mg.kg−1, respectively) contrary to G soils together with a ZIL concentration of around 3% w/w detected by LC-MS analyses. These data evidenced a Cu-accumulation improvement of 38 and 66% compared to non-amended V soils (13.6 and 13.9 mg.kg−1 respectively). ZIL would be mainly present under Cu(II)-ZIL4 complexes in the shoots. The impact on the chemical composition of shoot were also studied. The results show that depending on the soils modalitity, the presence of free copper and/or ZIL led to different chemical compositions in lignin and monomeric sugar contents. In the biorefinery context, performances of enzymatic hydrolysis of shoots were also related to the presence of both ZIL and copper under free or complex forms. Ecotoxicity assessment of the vineyard soil samples indicated that the quantity of copper and ZIL remaining in the soils had no significant toxicity. ZIL amendment in a copper-contaminated soil was demonstrated as being a promising way to promote the valorization of phytoremediation plants.

The formulation of a CMC binder/silicon composite anode for Li-ion batteries: from molecular effects of ball milling on polymer chains to consequences on electrochemical performances,

Ndour, M.; Bonnet, J.-P.; Cavalaglio, S.; Lombard, T.; Courty, M.; Aymard, L.; Przybylski, C.; Bonnet, V.

Materials Advances 2022.

The semi-synthetic polysaccharide carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is one of the most studied and effective polymer binders for silicon-based anodes in Li-ion batteries. The formulation of the corresponding composite negative electrode with an appropriate mixture of electroactive silicon, a CMC binder and a carbon additive is mandatory to ensure a good electrical conductivity. Blending is commonly realized by a highly energetic ball milling treatment of these three aforementioned components. This type of mixing reduces the size of the obtained particles and can also potentially agglomerate them. Morever, it allows the formation of a nanostructured mixture which is essential for both the silicon activation and to achieve good electrochemical performance. However, such strong treatment can also cause a significant degradation of the polymer chains, as we have recently demonstrated for polyacrylic acid (PAA). In the present work, the structural and chemical effects of this mechanical grinding on three commercial CMCs ranging from 90 to 700 kg mol−1 were investigated. All the polymers were characterized using SEC-MALLS, FTIR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and TGA-MS thermal analysis. In all cases, a huge average molecular weight decrease was noticed, leading to the appearance of a bimodal distribution with low (52–72 kg mol−1) to very low molecular weight populations (1–1.8 kg mol−1). From these results, two formulations of a negative electrode were compared, one with ball milling of the three compounds and another one including only ball milling steps for silicon and carbon. After the correlation of the characteristics of this negative electrode composite with the electrochemical results, it was demonstrated that a high number of functions for supramolecular or covalent linkages are keypoints of the herein anode performance. Low molecular weight CMC derivatives (about 64 kg mol−1) obtained by ball milling treatment led to higher stability of the electrode.

Laboratoire de Glycochimie et des Agroressources d'Amiens
UR 7378
10 rue Baudelocque
80039 Amiens Cedex
tel/fax : 33 (0)3 22 82 75 60
N° SIRET : 19801344300017