Laboratoire de Glycochimie, des Antimicrobiens
et des Agroressources UMR 7378 CNRS

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Actualités et Publications

Solid-phase synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymer nanolabels: Affinity tools for cellular bioimaging of glycans,

Medina Rangel, P. X.; Laclef, S.; Xu, J.; Panagiotopoulou, M.; Kovensky, J.; Tse Sum Bui, B.; Haupt, K.

Scientific Reports 2019, 9, 3923.

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan that plays many roles in health and disease and is a key biomarker of certain cancers. Therefore, its detection at an early stage, by histochemical methods, is of importance. However, intracellular HA can be masked by other HA-binding macromolecules, rendering its visualization somehow problematic. We show that fluorescent molecularly imprinted polymer nanogels (MIP-NPs), can localize and detect intracellular HA. MIP-NPs were synthesized by solid-phase synthesis on glass beads (GBs). GBs were functionalized with terminal alkyne groups on which an azide derivative of the template molecule glucuronic acid was immobilized via click chemistry. Immobilization via the anomeric carbon left the template’s carboxyl moiety free to enable strong stoichiometric electrostatic interactions with a benzamidine-based functional monomer, to confer selective recognition to the MIP-NPs. Due to the two-point orientation of the template, the resulting MIP-NPs were endowed with improved binding site homogeneity and specificity, reminiscent of monoclonal antibodies. These synthetic antibodies were then applied for probing and staining HA, of which glucuronic acid is a substructure (epitope), on human epidermal cells. Their excellent sensitivity, small size and water compatibility, enabled the MIP-NPs to visualize HA, as evidenced by confocal fluorescence micrographs.

Harnessing Polyisobutylene by Rotaxanation with γ-Cyclodextrin: Opportunities for Making Smart Molecular Necklaces,

Przybylski, C.; Ramoul, H.; Bonnet, V.; Abad, M.; Jarroux, N.

Macromol. Chem. Phys. 0, 1800502.

Abstract A new type of polyrotaxane based on the threading of γ-cyclodextrins (γ-CDs) along a highly hydrophobic polymer, polyisobutylene (PIB), is successfully prepared and finely characterized. The used radical coupling associated with tuned reaction time and temperature leads to a fast and controlled necklace synthesis with low reagent consumption. Synthesis exhibits appealing conversion and threading rates with almost 100% and 62–73%, respectively. A combination of well-established SEC and NMR techniques, with a more forefront MALDI-TOF MS approach, provides details on the original PIB and the resulting polyrotaxanes (M w, M n, PDI, and average number of γ-CD threaded). Interestingly, tetramethylguanidinium-2-(4-hydroxyphenylazo)benzoate in DMF for MALDI analysis is revealed as a suitable matrix to overcome solubility troubles widely observed with PIB. Moreover, rotaxanation appears as an alternative to the grafting of polar groups to modify/handle hydrophobic polymers. Such an approach offers new opportunities to achieve the synthesis, with unambiguous evidence, of new supramolecular necklaces based on highly hydrophobic polymers.

Oleic Acid Based Cyclodextrins for the Development of New Hydrosoluble Amphiphilic Compounds,

Cocq, A.; Rousseau, C.; Bricout, H.; Oliva, E.; Bonnet, V.; Djedaïni-Pilard, F.; Monflier, E.; Tilloy, S.

Eur. J. Org. Chem. 0.

A new family of amphiphilic cyclodextrins produced from oleic acid derivatives and maleic anhydride is described. These amphiphilic cyclodextrins are synthesized in two steps. The first step is the alkenylation of maleic anhydride by oleic acid derivatives to produce the oleic succinic anhydrides. The second step is the grafting of the oleic succinic anhydrides on various cyclodextrins. A self-inclusion of the alkyl chain or an inclusion of one alkyl chain in the cavity of another CD is showed by NMR experiments. The twelve amphiphilic cyclodextrins described possess high solubility in water (50–500 g/L at 20 °C) and low critical aggregation concentration (16–360 mg/L).

Effect of standard light illumination on electrolyte’s stability of lithium-ion batteries based on ethylene and di-methyl carbonates,

Bouteau, G.; Van-Nhien, A. N.; Sliwa, M.; Sergent, N.; Lepretre, J.-C.; Gachot, G.; Sagaidak, I.; Sauvage, F.

Scientific Reports 2019, 9, 135.

Combining energy conversion and storage at a device and/or at a molecular level constitutes a new research field raising interest. This work aims at investigating how prolonged standard light exposure (A.M. 1.5G) interacts with conventional batteries electrolyte, commonly used in the photo-assisted or photo-rechargeable batteries, based on 1 mol.L−1 LiPF6 EC/DMC electrolyte. We demonstrate the intrinsic chemical robustness of this class of electrolyte in absence of any photo-electrodes. However, based on different steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopic techniques, it is for the first time highlighted that the solvation of lithium and hexafluorophosphate ions by the carbonates are modified by light exposure leading to absorbance and ionic conductivity modifications without detrimental effects onto the electrochemical properties.

Photocatalyzed Transformation of Free Carbohydrates,

Omri, M.; Sauvage, F.; Golonu, S.; Wadouachi, A.; Pourceau, G.

Catalysts 2018, 8, 672.

In the growing context of sustainable chemistry, one of the challenges of organic chemists is to develop efficient and environmentally friendly methods for the synthesis of high-added-value products. Heterogeneous photocatalytic transformations have brought revolution in this regard, as they take advantage of an unlimited source of energy (solar light) or artificial UV light to onset organic chemical modifications. The abundance of free carbohydrates as chemical platform feedstock offers a great opportunity to obtain a variety of industrial interest compounds from biomass. Due to their chirality and polyfunctionality, the conversion of sugars generally requires multi-step protocols with protection/deprotection steps and hazardous chemical needs. In this context, several selective and eco-friendly methodologies are currently under development. This review presents a state of art of the recent accomplishments concerning the use of photocatalysts for the transformation and valorization of free carbohydrates. It discusses the approaches leading to the selective oxidation of free sugars, their degradation into organic chemicals, or their use for hydrogen production.

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