Olivier Burtin. A Nation of Veterans: War, Citizenship, and the Welfare State in Modern America. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2022.
A Nation of Veterans examines how the United States created the world’s most generous system of veterans’ benefits. Though we often see former service members as an especially deserving group, the book shows that veterans had to wage a fierce political battle to obtain and then defend their advantages against criticism from liberals and conservatives alike. They succeeded in securing their privileged status in public policy only by rallying behind powerful interest groups, including the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the Disabled American Veterans, and the American Legion. In the process, veterans formed one of the most powerful movements of the early and mid-twentieth century, though one that we still know comparatively little about.
In examining how the veterans’ movement inscribed martial citizenship onto American law, politics, and culture, A Nation of Veterans offers a new history of the U.S. welfare state that highlights its longstanding connection with warfare. It shows how a predominantly white and male group such as military veterans was at the center of social policy debates in the interwar and postwar period and how women and veterans of color were often discriminated against or denied access to their benefits. It moves beyond the traditional focus on the 1944 G.I. Bill to examine other important benefits like pensions, civil service preference, and hospitals. The book also examines multiple generations of veterans, by shedding light on how former service members from both world wars as well as Korea and the Cold War interacted with each other.
This more complete picture of veterans’ politics helps us understand the deep roots of the military welfare state in the United States today.
Part I. Ascent
Chapter 1. Reform and Reaction: Veterans’ Politics in the Interwar Years
Chapter 2. Rebirth: The Veterans’ Movement in World War II
Chapter 3. Clash: Intergenerational Transition and the Postwar Housing Crisis
Chapter 4. Generations United: The Fight over the First Hoover Commission
Part II. Eclipse
Chapter 5. A House Divided: Anticommunism and its Discontents
Chapter 6. Consolidation and Backlash: The Korean War in the Shadow of World War II
Chapter 7. Generations Apart: The Problem of Economic Security for Aging Veterans
Catherine Delyfer et Nathalie Saudo-Welby, (dir.) "The New Woman and Humour". Cahiers victoriens et édouardiens 96 (automne 2022).
In late Victorian satirical magazines, comedies and conversation, the New Woman was an inexhaustible source of fun. For the opponents of women’s emancipation, ridicule was a weapon, which could win them allies even among women. For the feminist writers, ridicule was a constant threat, which they usually negotiated by asserting their womanliness and inviting their readers to take their demands seriously.
Hence, the woman’s rights woman was constantly criticized for her total absence of humour. “For the New Woman there is no such thing as a joke”, Ouida wrote in 1894. A year later, Hugh Stutfield commented in his antifeminist essay “Tommyrotics” that there was “no place left for humour” in New Woman novels: her fiction was spoiled by excessive realism, ponderous didacticism and a tendency to take things much too seriously.
As a target of satire and a comic victim, the New Woman quickly learnt how to put humour to her own use. By being funny, she made herself more pleasant to male readers and more tolerant of them. Ella Hepworth Dixon’s My Flirtations (1892), originally published anonymously in the Lady’s Pictorial, was considered by the Saturday Review as “one of the most amusing books we have come across for a long time” (qtd in Fehlbaum 189). Even in her more pessimistic The Story of a Modern Woman (1894), Dixon’s emancipated female protagonist maintains that a sense of humour is “what women ought to cultivate above all things” (Dixon 45). In the New Woman’s satires of patriarchal thinking and male self-sufficiency, wit does have an instructive, “serious” function. Epigrammatic dialogues feature prominently in the novels and short stories of Sarah Grand and Mona Caird, as well as in their militant periodical essays which employ humour and irony to turn the tables on male critics. Irony, parody and comical reversals, in fiction and non-fiction alike, were among what Ann Heilmann has described as the New Woman’s “indirect strategies”.
In the twentieth century, the suffragettes’ methods were regularly described in the press as hysterical and not worth serious consideration. However, if we are to believe the American actress and feminist writer Elizabeth Robins, by the time the suffragists hardened their strategies in the early twentieth century, they had learnt how to use publicity, repartee and humorous effects to their advantage. In her comedy Votes for Women (1909), the suffragettes’ public demonstrations are considered “excellent Sunday entertainment”. “[R]idicule crumples a man up”, their sharp-witted public speaker exclaims, “It steels a woman. We’ve educated ourselves so that we welcome ridicule” (II, 1). Negotiating laughter has become integrated into the New Woman’s political apprenticeship.
Going counter to the perception of the New Woman’s humorlessness, this collection of essays will examine the rich and contradictory ways in which laughter, jokes, satire and comedy were deployed and reconfigured by New Women around the English-speaking world. It will engage with the political uses of humour, as it creates and invites distance. It will consider humorous practises as a source of empowerment: the use of comedy to destabilize power relations and to create a sense of shared enjoyment, community, and sisterhood. How did humour become integrated into feminist rhetorical practices? To what extent is it possible to speak of feminist humour?Accéder au site web de la revue
Marianne Kac-Vergne et Julie Assouly (ed.), From the Margins to the Mainstream: Women in Film and Television. Bloomsbury, 2022.
Part 1 Women speaking from the margins
Interview with Vivienne Dick
Chapter 1. Lizzie Borden and Vivienne Dick: Fighting for female filmmaking, Céline Murillo
Chapter 2. Daughters behind the camera, Nicole Cloarec
Chapter 3. Molly Haskell’s take on feminist fi lm theory: The place of feminist film criticism outside academia, Anne Hurault-Paupe
Part 2 Women in semi-independent cinema
Chapter 4. Racial bodies in Kathryn Bigelow’s Strange Days (1995), Hélène Charlery
Chapter 5. ‘She’s a whole lotta woman’: Pam Grier’s star image in Jackie Brown, David Roche
Chapter 6. Women on the border: A cosmopolitan approach to the representation of contemporary femininity in It’s a Free World … , Celestino Deleyto
Chapter 7. Marie Antoinette, Fashion queens and Hollywood stars, Sara Pesce
Part 3 Women protagonists in mainstream television and blockbusters
Chapter 8. Voice-overs: Renewing gender representations in American TV series, Anaïs Le Fèvre-Berthelot 199
Chapter 9. Moving into the mainstream: Pregnancy, motherhood and female TV action heroes,
Chapter 10. In the mouth of fearfulness: Women, power and the vagina dentata in contemporary American cinema, Charles-Antoine Courcoux
Chapter 11. Can women be superheroes? Reflections on American cinema and beyond, Yvonne TaskerAccéder au site web de l'éditeur
Sophie Loussouarn (ed.), Brexit and its Aftermath. Bloomsbury, 2022.
The British referendum on the membership of the European Union on 23 June 2016 was a cataclysmic event in British and European politics. Years later the consequences are still unknown. This collection seeks to answer the key questions relating to the consequences of Brexit and the future of Britain. Will Brexit affect the British constitution? Is Brexit likely to lead to the breakup of the UK – with Scotland and Northern Ireland seeking independence? How will Covid-19 delay lingering political questions brought on by Brexit?
These key questions and more, relating to both domestic and foreign policy, are answered by a range of contributors including expert academics, policy-makers and Members of Parliament and addresses both European and British policy-making.Accéder au site web de l'éditeur
Sophie Loussouarn, Civilisation britannique en fiches. Ellipses, 2022.
Un portrait global de la civilisation britannique, de son histoire et de ses transformations contemporaines :
15 fiches complètes sur des thématiques institutionnelles, sociales, économiques et culturelles.
Des lexiques thématiques, des études de documents et des thèmes d’application.
Chapter 1. Brexit and British diversity
Chapter 2. A fragile union
Chapter 3. The British Constitution
Chapter 4. The British Monarchy
Chapter 5. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The efficient parts of the Constitutution
Chapter 6. A bicameral system with a Lower and an Upper House
Chapter 7. A two-party political system?
Chapter 8. The end of the two-party system
Chapter 9. Britain’s economic decline and the Welfare State
Chapter 10. Britain’s relative decline on the international stage
Chapter 11. Britain and Europe
Chapter 12. The education system
Chapter 13. Ethnic diversity or fragmentation? Immigration and “Britishness”
Chapter 14. A multi-faith society
Chapter 15. The BBC Accéder au site web de l'éditeur